Connecticut State Facts

Fun Facts:

General:

Capital

Hartford[5]

Largest city

Bridgeport[6]

Largest metro

Greater Hartford[7]

Area

Ranked 48th

• Total

5,543 sq mi

(14,357 km2)

• Width

70 miles (113 km)

• Length

110 miles (177 km)

• % water

12.6

• Latitude

40°98′ N to 42°04′ N

• Longitude

71°08′ W to 73°72′ W

Population

Ranked 29th

• Total

3,590,886 (2015 est)[8]

• Density

739/sq mi (285/km2)

Ranked 4th

• Median household income

$72,889[9] (4th)

Elevation

• Highest point

Massachusetts border on south slope of Mount Frissell[10][11]

2,379 ft (725 m)

• Mean

500 ft (150 m)

• Lowest point

Long Island Sound[10][11]

sea level

Before statehood

Connecticut Colony

Admission to Union

January 9, 1788 (5th)

Governor

Dannel P. Malloy (D)

Lieutenant Governor

Nancy Wyman (D)

Legislature

General Assembly

• Upper house

Senate

• Lower house

House of Representatives

U.S. Senators

Richard Blumenthal (D)

Christopher S. Murphy (D)

Website

www.ct.gov

Counties in Connecticut:

County

Established

Population

Area

[5]

[5][7]

[5]

Fairfield County

1666

916,829

626 sq mi

Hartford County

1666

894,014

736 sq mi

Litchfield County

1751

189,927

920 sq mi

Middlesex County

1785

165,676

369 sq mi

New Haven County

1666

862,477

606 sq mi

New London County

1666

274,055

666 sq mi

Tolland County

1785

152,691

410 sq mi

Windham County

1726

118,428

513 sq mi

Towns in Connecticut:

Town

Est:

(sq mi)

Pop ('10)

County

Andover

1848

15.46

3,303

Tolland County

Ansonia (city)

1889

6.03

19,249

New Haven County

Ashford

1714

38.79

4,100

Windham County

Avon

1830

23.12

18,098

Hartford County

Barkhamsted

1779

36.22

3,620

Litchfield County

Beacon Falls

1871

9.78

6,049

New Haven County

Berlin

1785

26.45

19,866

Hartford County

Bethany

1832

20.97

5,563

New Haven County

Bethel

1855

16.79

18,584

Fairfield County

Bethlehem

1787

19.36

3,607

Litchfield County

Bloomfield

1835

26.01

20,486

Hartford County

Bolton

1720

14.41

4,980

Tolland County

Bozrah

1786

19.97

2,627

New London County

Branford

1685

21.98

28,026

New Haven County

Bridgeport (city)

1821

16

144,229

Fairfield County

Bridgewater

1856

16.23

1,727

Litchfield County

Bristol (city)

1785

26.51

60,477

Hartford County

Brookfield

1788

19.8

16,452

Fairfield County

Brooklyn

1786

28.97

8,210

Windham County

Burlington

1806

29.8

9,301

Hartford County

Canaan

1739

32.95

1,234

Litchfield County

Canterbury

1703

39.9

5,132

Windham County

Canton

1806

24.57

10,292

Hartford County

Chaplin

1822

19.43

2,305

Windham County

Cheshire

1780

32.91

29,261

New Haven County

Chester

1836

16.03

3,994

Middlesex County

Clinton

1838

16.28

13,260

Middlesex County

Colchester

1698

49.06

16,068

New London County

Colebrook

1779

31.47

1,485

Litchfield County

Columbia

1804

21.36

5,485

Tolland County

Cornwall

1740

46.01

1,420

Litchfield County

Coventry

1712

37.72

12,435

Tolland County

Cromwell

1851

12.39

14,005

Middlesex County

Danbury (city)

1687

42.11

80,893

Fairfield County

Darien

1820

12.86

20,732

Fairfield County

Deep River

1635

13.55

4,629

Middlesex County

Derby (city)

1675

4.98

12,902

New Haven County

Durham

1708

23.6

7,388

Middlesex County

East Granby

1858

17.48

5,148

Hartford County

East Haddam

1734

54.33

9,126

Middlesex County

East Hampton

1767

35.59

12,959

Middlesex County

East Hartford

1783

18.02

51,252

Hartford County

East Haven

1785

12.26

29,257

New Haven County

East Lyme

1839

34.03

19,159

New London County

East Windsor

1768

26.29

11,162

Hartford County

Eastford

1847

28.89

1,749

Windham County

Easton

1845

27.42

7,490

Fairfield County

Ellington

1786

34.05

15,602

Tolland County

Enfield

1683

33.38

44,654

Hartford County

Essex

1852

10.36

6,683

Middlesex County

Fairfield

1666

30.03

59,404

Fairfield County

Farmington

1645

28.06

25,340

Hartford County

Franklin

1786

19.51

1,922

New London County

Glastonbury

1690

51.37

34,427

Hartford County

Goshen

1739

43.66

2,976

Litchfield County

Granby

1786

40.69

11,282

Hartford County

Greenwich

1665

47.83

61,171

Fairfield County

Griswold

1815

34.95

11,951

New London County

Groton

1705

31.3

40,115

New London County

Guilford

1639

47.05

22,375

New Haven County

Haddam

1662

44.03

8,346

Middlesex County

Hamden

1786

32.78

60,960

New Haven County

Hampton

1786

25

1,863

Windham County

Hartford (city)

1635

17.31

124,775

Hartford County

Hartland

1761

33.03

2,114

Hartford County

Harwinton

1737

30.75

5,642

Litchfield County

Hebron

1708

36.9

9,686

Tolland County

Kent

1739

48.47

2,979

Litchfield County

Killingly

1708

48.52

17,370

Windham County

Killingworth

1667

35.33

6,525

Middlesex County

Lebanon

1700

54.11

7,308

New London County

Ledyard

1836

38.14

15,051

New London County

Lisbon

1786

16.26

4,338

New London County

Litchfield

1719

56.06

8,466

Litchfield County

Lyme

1667

31.85

2,406

New London County

Madison

1826

36.2

18,269

New Haven County

Manchester

1823

27.26

58,241

Hartford County

Mansfield

1702

44.46

26,543

Tolland County

Marlborough

1803

23.28

6,404

Hartford County

Meriden (city)

1806

23.75

60,868

New Haven County

Middlebury

1807

17.75

7,575

New Haven County

Middlefield

1866

12.7

4,425

Middlesex County

Middletown (city)

1651

40.9

47,648

Middlesex County

Milford (city)

1639

22.56

52,759

New Haven County

Monroe

1823

26.13

19,479

Fairfield County

Montville

1786

42.02

19,571

New London County

Morris

1859

17.19

2,388

Litchfield County

Naugatuck (borough)

1844

16.39

31,862

New Haven County

New Britain (city)

1850

13.34

73,206

Hartford County

New Canaan

1801

22.13

19,738

Fairfield County

New Fairfield

1740

20.46

13,881

Fairfield County

New Hartford

1738

37.03

6,970

Litchfield County

New Haven (city)

1638

18.85

129,779

New Haven County

New London (city)

1646

5.54

27,620

New London County

New Milford

1712

61.59

28,142

Litchfield County

Newington

1871

13.18

30,562

Hartford County

Newtown

1711

57.76

27,560

Fairfield County

Norfolk

1758

45.31

1,709

Litchfield County

North Branford

1831

24.92

14,407

New Haven County

North Canaan

1858

19.45

3,315

Litchfield County

North Haven

1786

20.77

24,093

New Haven County

North Stonington

1807

54.31

5,297

New London County

Norwalk (city)

1651

22.81

85,603

Fairfield County

Norwich (city)

1662

28.33

40,493

New London County

Old Lyme

1855

23.1

7,603

New London County

Old Saybrook

1854

15.04

10,242

Middlesex County

Orange

1822

17.19

13,956

New Haven County

Oxford

1798

32.89

12,683

New Haven County

Plainfield

1699

42.27

15,405

Windham County

Plainville

1869

9.76

17,716

Hartford County

Plymouth

1795

21.72

12,243

Litchfield County

Pomfret

1713

40.3

4,247

Windham County

Portland

1841

23.4

9,508

Middlesex County

Preston

1687

30.9

4,726

New London County

Prospect

1827

14.32

9,405

New Haven County

Putnam

1855

20.29

9,584

Windham County

Redding

1767

31.5

9,158

Fairfield County

Ridgefield

1709

34.43

24,638

Fairfield County

Rocky Hill

1843

13.45

19,709

Hartford County

Roxbury

1796

26.23

2,262

Litchfield County

Salem

1819

28.95

4,151

New London County

Salisbury

1741

57.32

3,741

Litchfield County

Scotland

1857

18.61

1,726

Windham County

Seymour

1850

14.57

16,540

New Haven County

Sharon

1739

58.7

2,782

Litchfield County

Shelton (city)

1789

30.57

39,559

Fairfield County

Sherman

1802

21.8

3,581

Fairfield County

Simsbury

1670

33.88

23,511

Hartford County

Somers

1734

28.34

11,444

Tolland County

South Windsor

1845

27.96

25,709

Hartford County

Southbury

1787

39.06

19,904

New Haven County

Southington

1779

35.99

43,069

Hartford County

Sprague

1861

13.21

2,984

New London County

Stafford

1719

57.96

12,087

Tolland County

Stamford (city)

1641

37.75

122,643

Fairfield County

Sterling

1794

27.23

3,830

Windham County

Stonington

1662

38.69

18,545

New London County

Stratford

1639

17.59

51,384

Fairfield County

Suffield

1674

42.21

15,735

Hartford County

Thomaston

1875

12.01

7,887

Litchfield County

Thompson

1785

46.94

9,458

Windham County

Tolland

1715

39.71

15,052

Tolland County

Torrington (city)

1740

39.79

36,383

Litchfield County

Trumbull

1797

23.29

36,018

Fairfield County

Union

1734

28.71

854

Tolland County

Vernon

1808

17.73

29,179

Tolland County

Voluntown

1721

38.92

2,603

New London County

Wallingford

1670

39.02

45,135

New Haven County

Warren

1786

26.31

1,461

Litchfield County

Washington

1779

38.19

3,578

Litchfield County

Waterbury (city)

1686

28.57

110,366

New Haven County

Waterford

1801

32.75

19,517

New London County

Watertown

1780

29.15

22,514

Litchfield County

West Hartford

1854

21.98

63,268

Hartford County

West Haven (city)

1921

10.84

55,564

New Haven County

Westbrook

1840

15.72

6,938

Middlesex County

Weston

1787

19.8

10,179

Fairfield County

Westport

1835

20.01

26,391

Fairfield County

Wethersfield

1634

12.39

26,668

Hartford County

Willington

1727

33.27

6,041

Tolland County

Wilton

1802

26.95

18,062

Fairfield County

Winchester

1771

32.28

11,242

Litchfield County

Windham

1692

27.07

25,268

Windham County

Windsor

1633

29.63

29,044

Hartford County

Windsor Locks

1854

9.03

12,498

Hartford County

Wolcott

1796

20.43

16,680

New Haven County

Woodbridge

1784

18.83

8,990

New Haven County

Woodbury

1673

36.47

9,975

Litchfield County

Woodstock

1686

60.54

7,964

Windham County

Connecticut Facts and Trivia (from 50states.com)

  1. The first telephone book ever issued contained only fifty names. The New Haven District Telephone Company published it in New Haven in February 1878.
  2. The USS Nautilus - the world's first nuclear powered submarine was built in Groton in 1954.
  3. Connecticut and Rhode Island never ratified the 18th Amendment (Prohibition).
  4. In 1705, copper was discovered in Simsbury. Later, the copper mine became the infamous New-Gate Prison of the Revolutionary War. Doctor Samuel Higley of Simsbury started the first copper coinage in America in 1737.
  5. The Scoville Memorial Library is the United States oldest public library. The library collection began in 1771, when Richard Smith, owner of a local blast furnace, used community contributions to buy 200 books in London. Patrons could borrow and return books on the third Monday of every third month. Fees were collected for damages, the most common being "greasing" by wax dripped from the candles by which the patrons read.
  6. On April 9, 1810, a Salisbury town meeting voted to authorize the "selectmen draw upon the town treasurer for the sum of one hundred dollars" to purchase more books for the Scoville Memorial Library collection, making the library the first publicly supported free town library in the United States.
  7. Mary Kies, of South Killingly was the first woman to receive a U.S. patent. On May 15th, 1809 for a method of weaving straw with silk.
  8. On January 28, 1878, 21 venturous citizens of New Haven became the world's first subscribers to telephone exchange service.
  9. America's first trade association was founded in Naugatuck Valley.
  10. Cattle branding in the United States began in Connecticut when farmers were required by law to mark all of their pigs.
  11. In Hartford, you may not, under any circumstances, cross the street walking on your hands!
  12. Connecticut is home to the oldest U.S. newspaper still being published: The Hartford Courant, established in 1764.
  13. Connecticut has approx. 144 newspapers published in the State (daily, Sunday, weekly and monthly).
  14. Connecticut is home to the first hamburger (1895), Polaroid camera (1934), helicopter (1939), and color television (1948).
  15. The first automobile law was passed by the state of CT in 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour.
  16. The first lollipop-making machine opened for business in New Haven in 1908. George Smith named the treat after a popular racehorse.
  17. Ella Grasso was elected in her own right to be a state governor in 1974.
  18. In 1937, Connecticut became the first state to issue permanent license plates for cars.
  19. The World Wrestling Federation or the WWF is headquartered in Stamford.
  20. Bristol, CT is considered the "Mum City" of the USA because of the many Chrysanthemums grown and sold to various states and Canada
  21. In 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.
  22. Danbury, An important military depot for the American Revolutionary armies was burned and looted in April 1777 by the British under Major General William Tryon.
  23. The first blast furnace in Connecticut was built in Lakeville in 1762.
  24. The Submarine Force Museum in Groton is home of the historic ship Nautilus (SSN 571). It is the official submarine museum of the United States Navy.
  25. Connecticut State insect is the Praying Mantis.
  26. Connecticut's most important crops are dairy, poultry, forest and nursery, tobacco, vegetables and fruit.
  27. Connecticut's motto is Qui Transtulit Sustinet -- "He Who Transplanted Still Sustains".
  28. In colonial New Haven cut pumpkins were used as guides for haircuts to ensure a round uniform style. Because of this fashion, these New Englanders were nicknamed "pumpkin-heads."
  29. The name Middlebury derives from the central position the Town's meetinghouse occupies, six miles from three older neighbors, Waterbury, Southbury, and Woodbury.
  30. The first human inhabitants of present-day Burlington were members of the Tunxis Tribe, who belonged to a confederation of Algonquian Indians. Legend holds they used the area as a hunting ground.
  31. The first English settlers of Connecticut arrived in 1636, settling the plantations of Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield.
  32. The Monroe Town seal is in the form of a circle with the words "Town of Monroe Connecticut" written in the outer rim of the seal. Inside this outer circle is a profile of a bust of James Monroe, who was the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817-1825.
  33. Originally, Montville, along with Groton and Waterford, was a part of New London. New London was settled in 1646 under the name of Pequot, so called after the Pequot Indians, the name changing to New London in 1658.
  34. B.F. Clyde's Cider Mill is the only steam-powered Cider Mill in the United States and is located in Mystic.
  35. 7-year-old James Thorsell designed the New Hartford "Town Bicentennial Emblem".
  36. New Milford's worst disaster struck in 1902 when the main business section centered on Bank Street was almost completely leveled by the "Great Fire".
  37. Named in 1724 for the stony character of the hilly countryside, North Stonington was incorporated in 1807.
  38. To register to vote in Connecticut you must:
    • Be a U.S. citizen;
    • Be a resident of a Connecticut Town;
    • Be at least 18 years old on or before the next election;
    • Not be convicted of a felony
  39. The manufacturing of the first safety fuse started in Simsbury in 1836.
  40. In 1728, the first steel mill operating in America was located in Simsbury.
  41. Wallingford has earned a worldwide reputation for the production of silverware.
  42. The first expert in the treatment of Asiatic cholera was Dr. Henry Bronson in 1832. He was a professor at Yale Medical School.
  43. The first golf tournament in Connecticut for women only was held in Waterbury on June 12, 1917.
  44. West Hartford is the birthplace of Noah Webster, the author of the first dictionary published in 1807.
  45. Although West Haven is Connecticut's youngest city, being incorporated in 1972, it is a community that dates back over 360 years, making it one of the oldest settlements in the country.
  46. PEZ® Candy is made in the city of Orange.
  47. Thomas Sanford made the first friction matches in Beacon Falls in 1834.
  48. Some of the world's most famous cloth is woven in the Stafford textile mills.
  49. The town of Washington was incorporated in 1779, being named in honor of General George Washington.
  50. Hartford has remained the capital city of Connecticut since 1875.

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